Declaring Astana capital of Turkic world of 2012 – recognition of Kazakhstan’s achievements in integration processes development between Turkic speaking states

Declaring Astana capital of Turkic world of 2012 - recognition of Kazakhstan's achievements in integration processes development between Turkic speaking statesстамбул ASTANA. September 17. KAZINFORM /Muratbek Makulbekov/ “At the 10th Summit of Turkic speaking states mechanisms of multilateral cooperation of fraternal countries which have common languages, religion, history and other values were found and opportunities of business cooperation were considered”, President of Turkey Abdullah Gul said it at the press conference following the results of the summit held in Istanbul on September 16.

Presidents Nursultan Nazarbayev (Kazakhstan), Ilham Aliyev (Azerbaijan), Abdullah Gul (Turkey), Roza Otunbayeva (Kyrgyzstan), Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (Turkmenistan) took part in the summit.

The Istanbul Summit was dedicated to establishment of the Council of Cooperation of Turkic-speaking countries in accordance with the Nakhichevan Agreement which was signed on October 3, 2009. It was decided to establish the Secretariat of the Council at the Nakhichevan Summit. All issues connected with the Secretariat foundation were regulated at the Istanbul Summit. Turkish diplomat, ex-Ambassador to the Russian Federation Halil Akinci was appointed Secretary General of the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking countries.

There were also adopted decisions on creation of the Council of Cooperation of Turkic-speaking countries, Council of Heads of State, Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Council of Elders, and Committee of Senior Officials. Moreover, the Turkic Business Council, the activity of which will be directed to expansion of economic and trade ties, will be created. Fund for preserving Turkic culture is being established in Baku. Besides, the TURKSOY declared Astana the capital of the Turkic world of 2012, opening within Turkic Academy the museum and library in Astana, expanding cooperation under the auspices of the Interuniversity Union. This decision of the heads of the five states is a recognition of Kazakhstan’s achievements in the integration processes development in the Turkic world. President N.Nazarbayev initiated establishment of the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking countries in Nakhichevan. As a result there was signed a historic document – the Agreement on the establisment of the Council of Cooperation of Turkic-speaking countries.

Kazakh President N.Nazarbayev put forward an initiative on holding joint cultural events on celebration of the 20th anniversary of independence of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan in 2011. This initiative was backed by his colleagues. President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov suggested holding a large festival of Turkic culture.

The issues connected with regulation of political and economic situation in Kyrgyzstan were also discussed at the Summit. N.Nazarbayev noted that the assistance rendered to the Kyrgyz Republic by Turkic and other states should be specific and effective. He appealed the colleagues to send funds for construction of social facilities in Osh and Jalalabad regions – schools and hospitals, as well as strengthen activity on educating Kyrgyz youth at the universities of Turkic-speaking countries. At present, Kazakhstan, within the framework of bilateral relations and as the OSCE chair country, renders all-round support to Kyrgyzstan, including humanitarian aid. As N.Nazarbayev thinks, more serious steps on this country’s economy recovery should be done after elections which will be held in Kyrgyzstan on October 10.

The heads of Turkic-speaking states supported the proposal of Roza Otunbayeva to hold the next summit in Kyrgyzstan. In this manner they confirmed their certainty that the government of Kyrgyzstan would succeed in stabilizing the situation inside the country. Kyrgyzstan will also host the Secretariat of the Council of Elders of the Turkic-speaking states. Besides, it was decided to hold the second sitting of the Turkic States’ Cooperation Council in Bishkek in 2012. The first one is planned to be held in Astana next year.

Speaking at the press conference President Nazarbayev said that Kazakhstan became OSCE chairman owing to the support of his colleagues and states attending the Summit.

The President noted that he extended official invitations to the OSCE Summit in Astana to all the heads of Turkic-speaking states. The presidents expressed their support to the Kazakhstan’s chairmanship in the OSCE and other international organizations and congratulated N. Nazarbayev on the decision to conduct the OSCE Summit in Astana.

Mr. Nazarbayev thanked President of Turkey A. Gul for hospitality and good organization of the Summit, which resulted in the institutionalization of cooperation between Turkic-speaking countries.

“All regional problems including the situation in Afghanistan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan and Middle East were discussed during the meetings. The TURKSOY was established for rapprochement of related by language and culture peoples aimed at economic cooperation, prosperity of our states, friendship and stability in our countries”, N. Nazarbayev emphasized.

It should be noted that at the present time, some experts and politicians, including Russian ones, argue that the integration process in the Turkic world has no real future. But the speeches of the heads of state at the Summit as well as the decisions they made demonstrate serious intentions to develop mutually beneficial cooperation in political, economic and cultural-humanitarian spheres. In particular, the presidents of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan firmly stated that their countries did not have any serious economic disagreements. Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov and Ilham Aliyev consider that the issue of delimitation of borders on the Caspian Sea is not unsolvable or pressing; although it is referred to ownership of gas fields in the bottom of the Caspian Sea. These fields are valuable for both countries; nevertheless they do not become an obstacle to the development of relation between Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.

Opinions on the absence of the economic basis for integration of Turkic-speaking states are also ill-founded. Within the framework of the summit the energy ministers of Turkey, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan held a sitting on the issues of use of the Caspian Basin resources. The opportunities of joint use of Caspian resources, construction of oil and gas pipelines for transportation of energy sources through the territory of Turkey create big potential for developing economic cooperation.