KAZAKHSTAN’S PRACTICAL APPROACH

TO ALLEVIATING HUMANITARIAN CRISIS IN KYRGYZSTAN

News Bulletin of the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Special IssueNo 34, July 13, 2010

Background

Kazakhstan has centuries-long historic relations with Kyrgyzstan and recognizes its responsibility for the future development of this brotherly nation. As both the OSCE Chairman-in-Office and the largest investor in Kyrgyzstan (outpacing the United States, China and Russia), Kazakhstan is trying to find the best formula to deploy its own and international resources to set the neighboring country back on its feet.

Building international consensus on Kyrgyzstan

At the peak of the political crisis in Kyrgyzstan in April, 2010, Kazakhstan’s President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, together with Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitri Medvedev contributed decisively in averting a civil war in Kyrgyzstan by arranging a peaceful departure of deposed Kurmanbek Bakiyev from the country. Kazakhstan as the OSCE Chairman began urgent consultations with the United Nations and the European Union as well as with United States, Russia, China and Turkey, to coordinate joint efforts in Kyrgyzstan. Kazakhstan’s OSCE Chairmanship swiftly appointed Ambassador Zhanybek Karibzhanov, Deputy Speaker of Kazakhstan’s Majilis (lower chamber of Parliament) and Chairman of the Kazakh-Kyrgyz parliamentary cooperation group, as OSCE Special Envoy to Bishkek who worked together with U.N. and E.U. envoys in Kyrgyzstan and played an important role in establishing proper political dialogue and defusing tension in the country.

Kazakhstan believes that these joint efforts contained the eruption of political crisis in April. The mid-June crisis in Kyrgyzstan is a chilling reminder that international efforts have its natural limits and Kazakhstan strongly believes it is high time for both the Interim Government of Kyrgyzstan as well as the international community to adopt an approach, similar to Kazakhstan’s, in addressing, first and foremost, the core problems in Kyrgyzstan rooted in social dissatisfaction and economic underdevelopment.

Kazakhstan’s bilateral assistance to Kyrgyzstan

At the very outset of the political crisis in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan immediately got concerned about practical repercussions of the vacuum of power for the well being of the people on the ground. Situation in agriculture seemed to be in particular jeopardy as, had the spring sowing season in Kyrgyzstan been left to its own devices, there would simply have not been enough food stock by winter.

Kazakhstan rushed to assist its neighbor and swiftly provided fuel and seeds in order to save the sowing campaign.

Today, Kazakhstan continues to help Kyrgyzstan and plans not only to proceed with assistance in maintaining its agriculture, particularly when, in the Fall, the time comes for a harvesting campaign, but also is keen to lend broader help in restoring the country’s business and economy.

In its strong belief that the frustrating level of Kyrgyz GDP (five times lower than that of its immediate neighbors) was one of the main reasons behind the sense of nationwide hopelessness that created political and ethnic divisions, Kazakhstan decided to concentrate its own efforts on humanitarian and economic assistance to save Kyrgyzstan’s economy and solidify business activity as driving forces in social and political stabilization of the country. 

To focus on above activities as well as to provide a continuous political support to Kyrgyzstan, President Nursultan Nazarbayev appointed a former senior member of his Administration Ambassador Bulat Utemuratov as his special envoy to Kyrgyzstan in May, 2010.

Assistance Committed to Date:

•        In April, 2010, Kazakhstan delivered 3,700 tons of diesel gas oil to support Kyrgyzstan’s agriculture and save spring sowing season (vital for the country’s food security). Approx. value – $1.93 mln. 

•        Kazakhstan also made a decision to provide humanitarian aid in the form of the following products:

–        rice (4,000 tons). Approx. value – $3.52 mln.  

–        buckwheat (532,450 kg). Approx. value – $0.25 mln.   

–        canned meat (276,798 cans). Approx. value – $0.58 mln.  

–        laundry soap (200 tons). Approx. value – $0.32 mln.  

–        medicines and medical equipment (50 types, to be sent to Kyrgyzstan shortly)

•        On June 30, 2010, Korday administration of Zhambyl oblast provided a humanitarian aid in the form of 30 tons of flour initially addressed to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kyrgyzstan, but eventually sent directly to southern regions of the country for victims in Osh.

•        The overall value of the humanitarian aid to Kyrgyzstan committed to date by Kazakhstan amounts to about $7 mln. (the value of medicine and medical equipment will be estimated after the products have been delivered to Kyrgyzstan).

Important Assistance Efforts to Follow:

•        Kazakhstan plans to further enhance its humanitarian and economic assistance to Kyrgyzstan. In this regard, at an early July meeting in Astana with the Interim President of Kyrgyzstan Roza Otunbayeva President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev initiated the commissioning of a multimillion Program for Economic Restoration and Rehabilitation of Kyrgyzstan.

Both countries are setting up a senior level working group of experienced technocrats in order to chalk out a meaningful and pragmatic Program to address the most urgent needs of the Kyrgyz economy and revive business activity in the country.

Kazakhstan has already announced its part of the working group led by First Deputy Prime Minister Umirzak Shukeyev and comprising Minister for Emergency Situations Vladimir Bozhko as well as Deputy Ministers of Finance, Economic Development and Trade, Foreign Affairs, Industry and New Technologies, Oil & Gas, Agriculture, heads of Border forces and Customs committees, Governor of Zhambyl Region and other senior economic officials.

In a couple of days, Kazakhstan expects a visit by a team of the newly appointed Kyrgyz officials to work on the draft of the Rehabilitation program with a focus on assistance efforts in Osh and Jalalabad regions followed by a joint visit to Bishkek and most crisis-hit areas of Kyrgyzstan. Kazakhstan is strongly committed to making the Rehabilitation Program a long-term success.

OSCE commitments to Kyrgyzstan’s political development

The OSCE has invested significant resources since 2003 to reform Kyrgyzstan’s law enforcement bodies and played a major role as a mediator in stabilizing the political crisis of 2005 when President Askar Akayev was forced out of office amid violent scenes in several parts of the country.

Kazakhstan has welcomed the success of the Kyrgyz referendum on June 27, 2010 as an important step towards returning a legal framework and peaceful development to the country and urged all political forces in the country to unite their efforts in reviving the economy and solving the most urgent social needs.

It is vital now that the international community supports the Kyrgyz government’s capacity to maintain public order and advance national reconciliation. The OSCE is ready to make its contribution to accomplishing this mission. Therefore, Kazakhstan seeks to strengthen the OSCE center in Bishkek and its operations throughout Kyrgyzstan as well as to deploy OSCE police missions in Osh and Jalalabad. 

To help Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan as OSCE chairman is working hard to employ the organization’s potential to the fullest possible extent. It is important that the political will of OSCE’s 56 member states now be mobilized to offer Kyrgyzstan the assistance that it so urgently needs. 

Below please find a structured timeline of Kazakhstan’s efforts on assisting Kyrgyzstan as OSCE Chairman-in-Office

On April 8, the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev once again expressed his deep regret concerning the instability and civilian bloodshed in our brotherly nation.

The President condemned the violence and looting that have taken place in the neighboring Republic. President Nursultan Nazarbayev said “the Kyrgyz Republic is our neighbor. It is with a great regret that I watch at this event.

I’m just sorry for our very close, brotherly Kyrgyz people that permanently enter in this abyss. All politicians say that they care about the people, that they want them to be well. In fact, this is the second day of looting. They are breaking and burning shops, banks are closed; businesses are leaving the city, the capital is leaving Kyrgyzstan. When there is no stability, nothing can be done. This is not the time for politics, nor for barricades.  Feed the people first, give them jobs. Today, as a result of this development, more than half of Kyrgyzstan’s population lives below the poverty line. The unemployment rate is very high. The annual GDP per capita in Kyrgyzstan in $ 800, compare to Kazakhstan where it is $8000.

For all these years Kazakhstan simply soaked in a peaceful life, people work and raise their children. The country is stable. Despite the multinational society, people respect each other, tolerance amongst them is very high. And this gives us the opportunity to develop, it makes it possible  to attract investment. All of this suggests that stability and peaceful life of the people are the  most important things. ”

April 8 – The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev had a phone conversation with the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon.

Both leaders expressed deep concern over the state of affairs in Kyrgyzstan, regrets for the loss of lives and readiness to help in resolving the situation.

UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon decided to send a special envoy to Kyrgyzstan, Jan Kubis who currently serves as the executive secretary of the U.N. Economic Commission for Europe Jan Kubis. In 2005, Jan Kubis was the Secretary General of the OSCE and was involved in resolving the situation in Kyrgyzstan.

The current  OSCE Chairperson-in-Office and UN Secretary General have agreed to  closely  coordinate their actions, including the work of the special representatives in Kyrgyzstan.

“I deeply regret the deaths of people during the riots and call upon the people of Kyrgyzstan to cease the violence and to achieve rapid stabilization of the situation in the country on the basis of broad dialogue,” said Minister Saudabayev.

April 8 – As the acting Chairman of the OSCE, Kazakhstan decided to send a  Special Representative to Kyrgyzstan, Janybek Karibzhanov. Mr. Karibzhanov is the Deputy Chairman of Mazhilis as well as the head of the Kazakh-Kyrgyz inter-parliamentary group, has the rank of Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Kazakhstan.

In addition, the director of the Centre for Conflict Prevention of the OSCE, Herbert Salber was sent to Kyrgyzstan.

April 8 – The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev made several phonecalls to  the Foreign Ministers of Russia ,Sergey Lavrov, the Kingdom of Spain (current President of the EU) ,Miguel Moratinos, the Republic of Lithuania,Audronius Azubalis and the executive secretary of the U.N. Economic Commission for Europe Jan Kubis who was appointed the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General to Kyrgyzstan.

The officials fully supported the Chairmanship’s position on the importance of resolving the situation in Kyrgyzstan through an inclusive dialogue among all concerned parties and they praised the appointment of Deputy Chairman of Kazakhstan’s Majilis (lower chamber of Parliament) Mr. Zhanibek Karibzhanov as a Special Envoy of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office to Kyrgyzstan.

At the initiative of Kazakhstan, on April 8 in Vienna, the OSCE Permanent Council held a special meeting to address the  situation in Kyrgyzstan.

April 9 – OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev spoke to the  French Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, Bernard Kouchner.

Both Ministers have expressed their concern about the situation in Kyrgyzstan and agreed that it is crucial that all parties involved recognize their responsibility in order to  restore peace and cease bloodshed in the country. On behalf of the French Republic, Bernard Kouchner expressed his support for the OSCE involvement in resolving the situation in Kyrgyzstan and briefed Secretary Saudabayev on the measures that the European Union is taking in this situation. At the same time, the French Minister said it was important to consolidate the efforts of international organizations such as the OSCE, UN and EU in order to stabilize Kyrgyzstan in compliance with all constitutional and democratic principles for the sake of the national interests of the country.
April 12 – Special Envoy of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office Zhanibek Karibzhanov, Special Envoy of the CSTO Parliamentary Assembly Adil Akhmetov, Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General Jan Kubis and Special Envoy of the EU Pierre Morrel held a joined meeting with the  EU official representatives in Kyrgyzstan. They discussed the situation in the country as well as coordination of further efforts to promote peace and order in Kyrgyzstan.

The abovementioned Special Envoys agreed to  coordinate their efforts in order to restore  stability in Kyrgyzstan as soon as possible. The international community also offered support to the interim government while it is in the process of legitimizing its functions. Mr. Karibzhanov  said he had an impression that the interim government was united only by a decree and its members seemed to be pursuing different goals. He stressed that in order to restore stability in Kyrgyzstan, the interim government needs to have control over the whole territory of the country, particularly the remote regions.

Mr. Karibzhanov noted that the situation in Kyrgyzstan, particularly, in the south, remained complicated. The interim government did not have full control over all the regions and the current vertical power structure does leave much to be desired as well. The abovementioned Special Envoys have offered their views and recommendations to the interim government   and now they have to make the decisions necessary in order to preserve the fragile peace and to develop further. He also emphasized that the Special Envoys are united in the believe that without legitimizing the interim government the situation in the country will continue deteriorating. Hence, the interim government should expedite its legitimization process. Otherwise international donors will be unwilling to provide them with the necessary financial and economic assistance, the lack of help would  cause the social and economic tensions in Kyrgyzstan to continue to grow .

April 15 – As a result of the joined efforts of the Presidents  Nazarbayev, Obama and Medvedev as well as the timely  intermediary role  of the OSCE, UN and EU an agreement with the interim government and President Kurmanbek Bakiev was reached and he was able to depart from Kyrgyzstan.

April 20 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev paid a visit to Bishkek. While there, he met with representatives of the  interim government, thecivil society and NGO leaders.       

April 27 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev had a phone conversation with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy, Franco Frattini.

The Ministers discussed the issues of cooperation within the OSCE. Minister Frattini said that he highly appreciates the work of  Kazakhstan’s Chairmanship of the OSCE, particularly President  Nazarbayev’s leadership in resolving the crisis in the Kyrgyz Republic.

April 28 – Based on the decree of President Nazarbayev, the government of Kazakhstan  allocated 3,700 tons of diesel fuel to Kyrgyzstan as part of humanitarian assistance. “This was done to make sure that  the Kyrgyzstanis able to do the necessary spring field work on time,” said the Kazakh Prime Minister Karim.Masimov.

May 7 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev

 met with Special Assistant to the American President and Senior Director for Russian Affairs,  Michael McFaul. Dr. McFaul expressed appreciation for efforts of President Nazarbayev , together with the Presidents of the United States and Russia, to resolve the situation in Kyrgyzstan. Minister Saudabayev and Dr. McFaul reaffirmed the commitments of Astana and Washington to further assist Kyrgyzstan in establishing the rule of law, constitutional reform and addressing the socio-economic programs both on bilateral basis and within the OSCE.

May 11 – By Decree of the President Nazarbayev,  Bulat Zhamitovich Utemuratov was appointed the Special Representative of the President of the Republic of  Kazakhstan on cooperation with the Republic of Kyrgyzstan.

May 14 – The OSCE Reserve Fund allocateed200,000 euro for maintaining public order, security and strengthening the rule of law and democracy in Kyrgyzstan.

May 14 – Special Representative of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on cooperation with the  Republic of Kyrgyzstan,  Bulat Zhamitovich Utemuratov arrived in Bishkek.

May 15 – Special Representative of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on cooperation with Kyrgyzstan, Bulat Zhamitovich Utemuratov met with Chairwoman of the Interim Government of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Roza Otunbayeva and the Deputy Chairman of the Interim Government ofKyrgyzstan, Omurbek Tekebayev.

During the meetings they discussed increase of bilateral cooperation and joined resolution of the urgent problems of the current situation.

Specifically, the parties discussed the possibility of establishing mechanisms to regulate the problems of the labor migrants from Kyrgyzstan, as well as promoting trade and economic relationships by allowing consumer goods and fuel through the Kyrgyz-Kazakh border.

May 19 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev expressed deep concern over  the tragic events in the southern Jalal-Abad region of Kyrgyzstan that  again lead to loss of life.

The Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan, Kanat Saudabayev said.

“I call on all parties to do everything possible to prevent further violence and to resolve the current situation on the basis of tolerance and compromise. It is unacceptable to allow this to develop into an international conflict. It is necessary to restore the rule of law and to stabilize the situation in order for Kyrgyzstan to overcome the crisis.  ”

From the first days of the crisis, Kazakhstan, as the OSCE Chairman, has been putting all of its efforts into handling the existing chaos in Kyrgyzstan. Considering the difficult socio-economic situation in Kyrgyzstan, on May 20th Kazakhstan reopened the borders with Kyrgyzstan that were closed during the crisis on April 6.

OSCE Center in Bishkek has been actively involved in the stabilization process both in the northern and southern parts of the country. With this in mind, the Chairperson -in-office, Kanat Saudabayev, OSCE Secretary General Brishambo, President of Parliamentary Assembly Soaresh, OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities Vollebaek and other OSCE representatives paid a visits to Kyrgyzstan to settle the existing situation.

Today, I spoke to Roza Otunbayeva, the leader of an interim Kyrgyz government.  While talking to her I expressed our concerns over the ongoing conflict. I expresses the readiness of the OSCE, its institutions and the OSCE center in Bishket to continue its  support to resolve the situation and to promoted the constitutional development of the state.

May 24 -The Interim President of Kyrgyzstan,  Roza Otunbayeva met with  the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Nurtay Abykayev and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia Grigory Karasin . Kazakh and Russian officials expressed their interest in speedy the stabilization of the situation in Kyrgyzstan, further developing the relationships between the three coutries and in providing further assistance to the country.                 

June 9 – Kazakhstan’s Special Envoy for Cooperation  with Kyrgyzstan Bulat Utemuratov arrived in Bishkek.

June 10 –  The meeting between Kazakhstan’s Special Envoy for Cooperation with Kyrgyzstan Bulat Utemuratov and Interim President of Kyrgyzstan Roza Otunbayeva took place, they discussed the ongoing preparations for the  for constitutional referendum in Kyrgyzstan, possible solutions for the socio-economic problems, in particular with regards to the upcoming tourist season.  .

Kazakhstan has assured the Kyrgyz leader that it will provide the Kyrgyz people who are temporary located in Kazakhstan with voting opportunities. Bulat Utemuratov also informed Roza Otunbayeva about the efforts of Kazakhstan to open additional border checkpoints as well as to increase the supply of consumer goods  through the common border.

June 12 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayevhad a phone call with Interim President of Kyrgyzstan, Roza Otunbayeva. Minister Saudabayev expressed condolences to the people of Kyrgyzstan in connection with  the unrest in the city of Osh that resulted in massive killings of innocent people.

Ban Ki-Moon, United Nations Secretary-General, Catherine Ashton, EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Miguel Angel Moratinos, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Spain, Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Ahmet Davutoglu, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.

Parties had a comprehensive and frank exchange of opinions on the current situation in the southern Kyrgyzstan. The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office announced to counterparts his decision to send Special Envoy, Zhanybek Karibzhanov, to Kyrgyzstan, as well as a senior official of the Vienna-based OSCE Conflict Prevention Centre. Before assignment Ambassador Zhanybek Karibzhanov was a Deputy Speaker of the Majilis (lower house of Parliament) of Kazakhstan.

June 12 – Zhanibek Karibzhanov, Special Envoy of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, arrived in Kyrgyzstan.

June 14 – Following the initiative of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, the  Permanent Council convened for a special session dedicated to the current situation in Kyrgyzstan. Ambassador Knut Vollebaek, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, gave a special report during the session.

June 14 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev spoke to the U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, they discussed their views on the situation in Kyrgyzstan.

The Ministers expressed their deep concern about further escalation of violence in Kyrgyzstan which had resulted in numerous l casualties.

The U.S. Secretary of  State , Hillary Clinton very much  appreciated the efforts of  President Nursultan Nazarbayev as the head of a neighbor state and the OSCE Chairman.

The parties agreed to consolidate further efforts of the OSCE and the UN in arranging assistance to Kyrgyzstan in overcoming its severe political and socio-economic crisis. At the same time, they called on the interim government of Kyrgyzstan for  a more active and effective work with parties involved in the conflict, and to create the necessary conditions for interethnic tolerance, trust and harmony in the interest of all people of Kyrgyzstan.

Both Ministers  agreed to  further monitore the situation and  to continue bilateral consultations in order to coordinate actions aimed at stabilizing the situation in Kyrgyzstan.

June 15 – During the meeting of  the Coordination Council in Bishkek,  chaired by Zhanybek Karibzhanov, the Special Envoy of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office issues of speedy political stabilization in Kyrgyzstan under the auspices of the OSCE, UN and other international organizations were discussed . The United Nations Secretary General’s Special Representative Miroslav Jenca, the Secretary of the Security Council of Kyrgyzstan Alik Orozov, and a number of Ambassadors and representatives of international organizations participated in this meeting.

The participants had a detailed dialogue about providing humanitarian aid and emergency assistance by the international community to the most affected population of the southern regions of the Republic. They also discussed the prospects of further state development of Kyrgyzstan.

During the meeting, Mr. Karibzhanov met with Vladimir Rushailo, Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for Relations with Kyrgyzstan. They had extensive talks regarding  the current situation in Kyrgyzstan, measures taken by the international community, possibility of earliest restoration of the country’s stability, emergency assistance by the OSCE, Russia, other countries and the international community.

Following the meeting, Zhanybek Karibzhanov together with the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative Miroslav Jenca and the EU representative, Ambassador of Germany to Kyrgyzstan Holger Green, jointly briefed the Kyrgyz and foreign mass-media.

June 20 – Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev held telephone talks with the Head of the Provisional Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, Roza Otunbayeva about the amount and type of necessary assistance to the brotherly people of Kyrgyzstan.

Special attention was paid to ensuring complete security, safety and delivery of the aid directly to the needy citizens of Kyrgyzstan. The Head of the Provisional Government of the Kyrgyz Republic thanked the President of Kazakhstan for the continued and consistent support of Kyrgyzstan at this difficult time, and said that she would send proposal detailing the necessary aid and the way of its delivery to the needy people. 

In addition, Roza Otunbayeva informed the OSCE Chairperson-in-office of  the situation in Kyrgyzstan in general and, in particular, in the city of Osh, where she had just returned from. She stated that although there is some reduction of tensions, in general, there is still great apprehension and a lot of problems.

June 21 – President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev in his interview with the Khabar agency commented on the situation in Kyrgyzstan.  The Head of State noted that Kazakhstan stands for a rapid stabilization of the situation in Kyrgyzstan and is ready to render necessary assistance to the neighboring state.

“Kazakhstan is a state, which wants stability in Kyrgyzstan. As the Head of the State chairing  the OSCE, I will do everything in order to consolidate the provision of humanitarian and other assistance. Kyrgyzstan, through the CSTO receives help from Russia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. I believe that now Uzbekistan has faced great challenges. And we should thank President Islam Karimov and Uzbekistan, which has assumed the hardest burden. Almost 100,000-people arrived in one day, and they had to be accommodated, provided with food, water and necessary treatment. I can imagine how difficult it was for Uzbekistan, and what problems it had to solve.

We, Kazakhstan, Russia and Uzbekistan, are neighbors, together we are helping  Kyrgyzstan to address all relevant issues. But I want to say something else. There is an opinion that Kyrgyzstan is a poor country and cannot be a successful state. I do not think so. Kyrgyzstan is a land is rich in gold, iron, silver, copper and other resources. The mountain rivers have a huge potential. There are great opportunities for tourism. All these areas must be developed. Tthe humanitarian assistance of other states will never develop a  country.

The first question is whether a state is able to improve its economy, give people work and feed its own people. Only then will a state be considered stble. Therefore it is necessary to develop program of economic recovery in Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan is ready to assist in its preparation. I really hope that Kyrgyzstan will create a strategic policy of reconstruction and economic recovery, “said Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

June 21- Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev met with the Foreign Minister of Turkey, Ahmet Davutoglu in Astana.

The Ministers exchanged opinions on the joint efforts in Kyrgyzstan, primarily concentrating on stabilizing the situation.

According to Kanat Saudabayev’s statement: “As you know, since the early days of this serious crisis in our neighboring country, the Head of our State,  Nursultan Nazarbayev is doing his utmost to reduce tension and to stabilize the situation both as head of state, chairing the OSCE today and on the bilateral level. Today, while meeting with  my distinguished colleague, we  had the opportunity to once again synchronize our watches and to unite our efforts, not only as the Foreign Ministers of two states, but also as a current Chairman of the OSCE, and current Chairman of  CICA.”

June 22 – Draft concept paper on strengthening the ongoing activities of the OSCE in response to the situation in the southern Kyrgyzstan was circulated among the delegations of the OSCE member states.

The proposal includes:

1. Strengthening the capacity of the OSCE Center in Bishkek;

2. Deployment of OSCE Police Task Force to Kyrgyzstan

The immediate mission of the OSCE Police Task Force would be reinforcement of the capabilities of the OSCE Center in Bishkek and assistance to the Kyrgyz authorities in restoration of public order, strengthening law enforcement capabilities of local authorities, decreasing the interethnic tensions, while helping to mitigate humanitarian crisis and laying conditions on the ground to facilitate further political dialogue aimed at long term resolution of the crisis.

June 27 – Referendum on new Constitution was held in Kyrgyzstan. Ballot papers contained the question whether to adopt the Constitution and the Law on Consummation of Constitution the drafts of which were presented by the interim government for referendum. According to preliminary results, 90.7% of the votes cast were in favor of adoption of the new Constitution and appointment of Rosa Otunbayeva as the President for the transitional period, 8% were against. This data is based on results from 96% of the polling stations.

Currently, more than 99% of ballot papers have been processed, but due to mud floods in Kara-Kuljinskiy district and curfew in Osh the rest of the ballots have not yet been processed.

The Head of Central Election Commission of Kyrgyzstan, Mr. Sariyev announced that results of the referendum will be made public only after all ballots processed and the Election Commission receives the of original protocols from all polling stations including those abroad.

June 28 – OSCE Troika led by the Chairman of OSCE Permanent Council Kairat Abdrakhmanov visited Bishkek.

According to the press service of the Interim Government of Kyrgyz Republic, Kairat Abdrakhmanov expressed his high appreciation of the referendum held in Kyrgyzstan and congratulated Rosa Otunbayeva on its successful conduct. Representatives of OSCE Troika noted that in spite of difficulties experienced by the Interim Government the referendum was well and successful organized.

The delegation reaffirmed the readiness of the OSCE to  further offer comprehensive support to the Interim Government in normalization of situation in the country especially in the south of Kyrgyzstan.

Parties also discussed the possibility of OSCE Police Mission deployment in Kyrgyzstan.

June 28 – The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev spoke to the President of Kyrgyz Republic for Transitional Period, Rosa Otunbayeva.

Mr. Saudabayev congratulated her on the successful referendum in Kyrgyzstan and stressed that it symbolized a resolute step towards political stability, restoration of constitutional order and legitimacy of the acting authorities. He also expressed  his support for preliminary positive assessments given to the referendum by OSCE ODIHR mission.

Rosa Otunbayeva expressed her gratitude to Kazakhstan and to President Nursultan Nazarbayev for his consistent support of Kyrgyzstan from the very first days of the crisis provided both at bilateral level and as an OSCE Chairman.

Parties discussed further practical steps to consolidate the results achieved and secure conditions for sustainable social and economic development of Kyrgyzstan.

June 29 – The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev held telephone talks with the U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton.

With regard to the referendum held in Kyrgyzstan on 27 June both parties agreed with the opinion of the international observers that the referendum was held without serious violations and in secure conditions.

According to the Foreign Ministers of both countries, the referendum should be the starting point towards the normalization of the political situation in Kyrgyzstan, and the government shall take immediate actions to solve the most acute socio-economic problems. To this end, the /rapid/ development of appropriate plan of action of the Provisional Government of Kyrgyzstan with the support of the international community is required.

The need for immediate restoration of trust and tolerance was highlighted, for these purposes the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities Knut Vollebaek intends to visit Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in the near future.

It was agreed to further coordinate efforts in support of Kyrgyzstan.

U.S. Secretary of State expressed gratitude and support for the efforts of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and Kazakhstan’s OSCE chairmanship in restoring peace and security in the neighboring country and the Central Asian region.

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