M. Laumulin: Kazakhstan – one of best candidates for setting up nuclear fuel bank and establishing nuclear security educational centre on its territory
April 6. KAZINFORM. ALMATY
On April 2, 2010 Russia’s newspaper Izvestiya published Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev’a article entitled Global Peace and Nuclear Security which aroused great interest in scientific-political circles of the country. Chief scientist of the Kazakhstan Institute of Strategic Researches under the President of Kazakhstan, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor Murat Laumulin shared his view on the problem of nuclear armament in an interview to Kazinform.
In his article the Head of the State noted that “intensity of events of the new century makes us take a fresh look at old mechanisms of security” and asked whether potential of diplomacy is used fully in solution of the problem of nuclear weapons non-proliferation. What is your opinion on this issue?
All these questions are coordinated both on international level by the UN, IAEA, E3+3 countries (I mean here the nuclear program of Iran) and on bilateral level (Russia-Iran, Germany-Iran, France-Iran etc). I think the potential of diplomacy is used to date quite well.
Is Kazakhstan ready today for deploying nuclear fuel bank on its territory under the aegis of the IAEA and for establishing an International Educational Center on Nuclear Security?
Undoubtedly, Kazakhstan is one of the best candidates for this role. We possess a quarter of world reserves of uranium and well-developed infrastructure for uranium processing. Certainly, we cannot ignore support of the Russian Federation since we have common atomic industry. Besides, we have infrastructure and technologies for creation of raw. It is likely that this will be a specific structure in case that the scientific centre is opened on the ground of the nuclear fuel bank. For this we need technological and staff support from IAEA.
In your opinion, why have some influential countries not signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) yet?
Surely, they pursue their own interests in military sphere. They do not know how military technologies will be developed in future, and probably, testing will be needed. Military arsenal must always be renewed which includes new materials and charges. We do not know how they will response in a real situation. To my mind these countries use their nuclear arsenal as an “emergency exit”. Therefore they delay signing and ratification of the Treaty. On the other hand, all countries must remember the notion of “national security”.