EU And Kazakhstan Promote Control Of Dual-Use Goods In Central Asia
The Head of the European Union’s Delegation to Kazakhstan, Ambassador Traian Laurentiu Hristea, opened in Astana a regional conference on dual-use export control on 21 June 2017. The event was organised jointly by the EU and the Kazakh Ministry of Investment and Development in the framework of the EU P2P programme for dual use goods to promote cross-border strategic trade control.
The conference, titled “Strengthening the adaptability and resilience of national trade control systems to regional security challenges” addressed topics of the EU-Kazakhstan cooperation in dual-use export control and discussed ways to promote greater regional and cross-border cooperation between the five Central Asian countries and Mongolia. Representatives from the International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC) also shared their perspectives on regional priorities and future cooperation.
Ambassador Hristea underlined: “Export controls, as a security-related trade instrument, remain, more than ever, at the forefront of international non-proliferation efforts. We need to adjust to the evolution of security risks and threats and our response to them to the new technological developments”.
Dual-use items are goods, software and technology normally used for civilian purposes but which may have military applications or may contribute to the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. As such, the EU and Kazakhstan pay particular attention to the control of their export, transit and brokering to prevent their proliferation.
Mr Galymzhan Dugalov, Head of Industrial Development and Safety Committee of the Ministry of Investment and Development noted: “This is a timely opportunity to demonstrate our support for the continued progress being made by the countries of Central Asia to further cooperate with European Union.”
ISTC Executive Director David Cleave underlined: As export control lists nowadays contain more and more new technologies rather than products, the introduction of internal compliance programs in research institutes and scientific centres grows in importance, and that can only be achieved by awareness raising among the academia.
This conference was organized in the framework of the EU P2P project based on the request of the Kazakhstan government to establish dual use identification on nuclear items. As this EU-Kazakhstan cooperation in export control of dual-use items ends in July 2017, this closing event during the International Exhibition: “Future Energy”, EXPO 2017, will conclude the Implementation Phase. While presenting the main achievements and results of the project, this regional activity will involve neighbouring countries and share Kazakhstani practical experiences and developments in strategic trade management over the past years. This activity will illustrate the work achieved within the project but also show the direction of future legislative and administrative developments. The EU project was successfully implemented by the German Export Control Licensing Agency (BAFA) in close cooperation with Ministry of Investments and Development and various experts from EU Member States.
The EUP2P Programme has discussed future activities with Kazakhstan and five neighbouring countries – Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan – as well as the programme achievements and also the potential new ways of cooperation on Dual Use Export Control at a regional level. The International Science and Technology Centre has used the opportunity of this event for introducing a new project which is currently in the drafting and developing process.
Since January 2014, the beginning of close cooperation with Kazakhstan in the field of strategic trade controls, especially export controls of dual-use items, an intense assistance programme based on a jointly elaborated action plan was developed. Several fields of cooperation were identified, among others also technical assistance in establishing an Identification Centre for nuclear and radioactive materials in Kurchatov, awareness raising campaigns for the private sector and assistance for academia in organizing a university course on strategic trade controls/management.
The EU P2P export control programme on dual use goods EU-Outreach, launched in 2004 to establish and strengthen worldwide cooperation to promote and sustain an effective global export control system through harmonization and long-term partnerships. A number of activities focusing on the legal, licensing, risk management and investigation to upgrade the Export Control system have been carried out. The current programme cooperates with 34 partner countries in 6 regions (Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia). For more information on this programme, please visit: https://export-control.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ or contact Wolfgang.LEHOFER@ec.europa.eu;
The Ministry for Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter – Ministry) is a state authority of the Republic of Kazakhstan leading in the sphere of industry and industry-innovation development, scientific-technical country development, mining-metallurgic complex, state innovation policy and policy of investments support, creating a favourable investment climate; creating, functioning and abolishment of special economic zones; export control; technical regulation and measuring unity support; and experimental aviation, auto roads; industry safety; communication, informatization and «E-government», information; space activity, and many other spheres. It is the lead Ministry in export control, acting through its Industrial Development and Safety Committee. For more information on this programme, please visit: http://www.mid.gov.kz/
The International Science and Technology Centre is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the European Union, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States. The nine countries and the EU make the current membership of the ISTC. ISTC has involved in its regional programmes and seminars other countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia and Uzbekistan.
The mission of ISTC is to advance global peace and prosperity through cooperative Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) risk mitigation by supporting civilian science and technology partners and collaboration that addresses global security and advances non-proliferation. In the last 25 years, ISTC has actively engaged over 75000 former weapons specialists in more than 760 research institutes spread across CIS and Georgia in ISTC projects and activities. The ISTC has to date funded over 3000 projects for an amount of over USD 1 billion.