New laws in effect since 1 January 2014 – pensions, some taxes, prices for cigarettes and alcohol to be higher
January 6. KAZINFORM. Astana
Some laws and bylaws passed in 2013 came into force on 1 January 2014.
Last year, the Kazakh parliament adopted 95 laws, of which 9 are independent, 39 amended the existing legislation and 47 dealt with the ratification of international agreements and treaties.
Under the new laws, since early 2014, the government has upped pensions due to increase in the minimum wage up to 19 966 tenge; in the base pension payment to 9 983 tenge; in the minimum pension to 20 782 tenge; in monthly calculated index for the computation of allowances and other social benefits as well as for penalties, taxes and other payments under the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan – to 1 852 tenge; in the subsistence level for the calculation of base social benefits to 19 966 tenge. Monthly child care benefits will also grow.
The amended taxation law lifts taxes on personal property, on vehicles with an engine capacity of more than 3 thousand cubic cm produced in Kazakhstan or imported into the country after 31 December 2013, as well as on land plots not being developed for a certain time period. The base rate when assessing property for tax purposes has doubled from 30 000 to 60 000 tenge per 1 sq. m in Astana and Almaty and from 18 000 tenge to 36 000 tenge per 1 sq. m in the regional centers. The amendments provide for a hike in the property tax up to 2 percent of the assessed value of the property worth 150 million tenge and above. Gradually, between 2014 and 2016, excise rates on alcohol and cigarettes will go up by 30 per cent each year.
Labor migrants will now pay a monthly state duty. Migrants from Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Russia can only be employed by Kazakhstani individuals. Each individual can employ no more than 5 people at a time. Labor migrants who failed to make a prepayment or obtain a work permit will be fined.
Since 1 January 2014, a 1-year moratorium on commercial fishing of sturgeon in the Caspian Sea has come into effect. This decision was made by all the Caspian states late last year.
Starting this year, some types of oil cannot be exported from Kazakhstan. This temporary ban for 6 months was introduced by the government to prevent shortages in oil in the domestic market and a hike in prices.