The initiator of a new model of the world economy
Nov 30. Kazpravda
By Anatoly SPITSYN, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Professor of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation
Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev is one of the brightest figures in a cohort of politicians held in high esteem not only among his own people , but also far beyond his country for his statesmanship, the ability to foresee trends in the sociopolitical and economic development.
Very convincingly, in his many articles and speeches Nursultan Nazarbayev talked of the need for government regulation to accelerate the transition to an efficient market economy. He proponed a number of specific strategic and practical ideas concerning the transition to a viable state.
President of Kazakhstan was among the first leaders of the former Soviet Union to see and publicly assert that the main factor of global development does not lie through separation and isolation, but through integration, unification processes. Proponed by him in 1994 idea of forming a new type of association — the Eurasian Economic Union — has materialized itself and takes its rightful place in the geopolitical designs of the future.
The international community sees Kazakhstan as a credible and influential participant in the modern global processes. Thus, in Kazakhstan over the past 22 years a solid foundation of national statehood was built, the country stands firmly on the market development rails, successfully integrating into the world community. Institutes of an open democratic society were established, the population’s life quality is steadily improving. And the most important gain is the internal peace all these years in this ethnically and religiously diverse nation and peaceful relations with all its neighbors.
Kazakhstan’s leader has initiated many innovative projects in which integration is seen as an important means of achieving stable and sustainable development not only on the national, but also at the international scale.
Nursultan Nazarbayev formulated the basic principles of regional integration, which was embodied in the famous “Project on the formation of the Eurasian Union” . Its focus is interstate cooperation and integration of the countries of Eurasia. In the early 90s, this strategy was aimed at overcoming by the newly independent states of the negative consequences of the USSR collapse, the preservation of so far existing economic, political, transportation, and cultural ties between the peoples of Eurasia.
Nursultan Nazarbayev’s Eurasian strategy was declared in March 1994 at the Moscow Lomonosov State University. The key implementation tools of the Eurasian project were the integration structures – EurAsEC, the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space pulling integration processes in the CIS and helping to form common strategies of modernization.
Kazakhstan was first in CIS to create the National Fund that accumulated revenues from the raw materials sales. This helped mitigate the negative impact of the global financial crisis on Kazakhstan economy and implement the key anti-crisis economic development programs. Annual net inflow of direct investment is on average 8-10 % of GDP. In recent years, Kazakhstan ranks first in the world in terms of growth in lending to the real sector of the economy. Today, the country is undergoing an investment boom. As Nursultan Nazarbayev emphasized, the «most important resource is our people and the government should invest in improving the lives of citizens and opportunities for them .» In 2010, GDP per capita in Kazakhstan increased 12 times compared to the beginning of the 90s. Conditions were created for the development of the private sector in the economy; there are more than 700 000 small and medium-sized businesses, whose contribution accounts for a quarter of GDP.
The Kazakh leader is not only a kind of national brand, with which many people in the world associate independent Kazakhstan, but also a politician, on whose strategy depends the future of the country and the entire world architecture in the post-crisis era.
In the XXI century the world is facing new threats : global energetic , environmental and food crises that are mutually resonating and increasing, questioning the ability of the society to duly address resource sustainability of global development as a result of the deep gaps between developed nations and the ones with low socioeconomic dynamics. Nazarbaev’s ideas and his vision of global energy strategy determine not only the long-term outlook, but also the prospects for transition to sustainable development around the world as well as in individual countries at the present stage . Under the most optimistic projections of traditional approaches half of humanity will not be able to achieve a decent quality of life earlier than in 50 years. The resource base and technological knowledge allow implementing the energy development strategy in the XXI century, proposed by N. Nazarbayev.
The Eurasian idea put forward by Nazarbayev, implemented as international integration project, aimed primarily at the formation of a fundamentally new integration model of cooperation of neighboring Eurasian countries, has also become an important factor in the further development of balanced harmonious interethnic and interfaith relations in Kazakhstan.
The world’s leading politicians and experts say the most important outcome of Nursultan Nazarbayev’s Eurasian strategy is the formation of the Kazakh nation on the basis of friendship and understanding between different ethnicities. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill says: » … The name Nursultan Nazarbayev went down in history not only in Kazakhstan , but also around the world , thanks to the implemented idea of the national unity in conjunction with the development of culture, language and spirituality of every ethnicity. Thanks to his shrewd policy Kazakhstan has taken an independent path of evolutionary development to form modern society, characterized by stability, tolerance and inter-ethnic peace . «
He was the initiator of Kazakhstan People’s Assembly (KPA).
Russian President Vladimir Putin emphasizes: «I deeply respect Nursultan Nazarbayev for his consummate professionalism, wisdom, vitality, dedication to his country and its people. «
Strategy «Kazakhstan -2050? has become a new political course for modern Kazakhstan in rapidly changing historical conditions. «Our new goal — said President Nursultan Nazarbayev, presenting the Strategy- 2050, is to create a welfare society based on a strong state, developed economy and possibilities of universal labor. A strong state is not involved in policy of survival, but in policy of planning, sustainable development and economic growth. » Strategy Kazakhstan -2050 is a new course of economic pragmatism.
Another idea of Nursultan Nazarbayev that deserves special mention is the G-Global communicative platform of Astana Economic Forum as a condition of the success of a new model of the world economy. G-Global presentation was organized by the Eurasian Club of Scientists, supported by the Economic Club of scientists — Nobel Prize winners (12 members) in Astana on 15 February 2012. G-Global promotes investment in domestic innovative branches, including manufacturing, projects, significantly improving the image of experts from Kazakhstan, Russia and other CIS members in the international community.
Theoretical analysis of strategic initiatives of Nursultan Nazarbayev to create a new model of the world economy in the context of the scientific concept of Vernadsky and issues discussed at the Astana Economic Forum, shows the breakthrough value of their implementation at the present stage. Scientific generalizations of Kazakhstan President as a pragmatic politician and strategist on economic and social modernization are of indisputable value.