High-tech future of Astana
Oct 04. Kazpravda
By Doszhan SULTANOV
III International Conference «Smart Astana- 2013? completed in Astana.
In the frames of the conference, the local and foreign participants exchanged views and experiences on implementation of similar projects in the leading cities of the world.
The «SmartCity» concept offers unique ways for resolving complex problems of big cities on the basis of the combined and advanced technologies and techniques. In urbanization and globalization conditions, most of the cities face similar problems: overpopulation, environmental degradation, traffic jams, lack of resources, time, and other destructive factors. In this regard, the standards of «smart» or «open» cities, based on safety, environmental friendliness and efficiency, have become a global trend.
Astana has developed its own concept of «Smart Astana», containing a comprehensive vision of all spheres of appliance of «smart» approaches to create a highly developed infrastructure of the XXI century — safety, transport system, housing utilities, energy and water management, education, health and public administration.
The concept of «Smart Astana» has been developed and approved by Astana administration in 2011. Currently in its framework, a number of projects aimed at radical modernization of Astana infrastructure are underway. Astana’s model of «smart» city includes six principal areas of development: «smart economy», «smart management», «smart life», » smart mobility» and «smart people», «smart environment».
Until 2017 it is planned to fully launch the project «Smart Astana», which includes several priority directions. The «smart» projects in Astana are aimed at improving the quality of life of local residents through installation of high-tech devices. This will increase the global competitiveness of Astana’s economy.
Another project is «Smart LED» providing installation of energy-saving street and park lighting with smart control, allowing to save the electricity consumption up to 25 %.
A full-scale project “Smart water pipelines» (on-line monitoring of water supplying networks) allowed to reduce number of accidents and loss of water from 21 to 8 %, or 305 million tenge.
The project «Open Wi-Fi» (300 units installed at 72 objects of the city) will provide an open access to the Internet, covering about 38 public places in Astana. Every day, this type of service is used by about 20 thousand local residents and guests. The volume of the information exchange is about 500 gigabytes.
At present, more than 10 projects, including the «SafeCity» and «Smart Transport System» are being implemented in the frames of the concept.
This year the III International Conference “Smart Astana — 2013” was attended by over 200 delegates, including the representatives of Kazakhstan Government, the central and local executive bodies, the mayors of the leading «smart cities» of Europe and Asia, experts from international IT companies, manufacturers of high-tech equipment, as well as the delegates of the local innovation communities and development institutions.
Astana Mayor I. Tasmagambetov said implementation of such large-scale smart projects requires considerable intellectual and physical effort, investment of public and private sectors. But taking into account the importance of the implemented models of management and development for the city, the money is invested in the future of the high tech city.
Under the concept «Smart Astana», a specialized Command and Control Center (CCC) will be established to accumulate all information flows, coming from monitoring and management systems of the city. In order to enhance the training of specialists, and promotion of successful solutions, a competence center of «smart cities» must be created in Astana. It will be unique and able to cover the territory of Eastern Europe, CIS and Central Asia. The relevant memorandum has been signed with the corporation IBM.
By the way, many foreign partners involved in Astana projects attended the conference. Among them were the mayors of “smart cities” Oulu and Yokohama.
The conference resulted in adoption of a resolution, noting that in run-up to the World EXPO 2017 it is necessary to implement the most popular and effective projects, aimed at modernizing of the main spheres of the city, to attract businessmen in the projects, aimed at improving the quality of life of the urban population.