Sept 21. Kazpravda
By Janay OMAROV
With the collapse of the «socialist camp» and its nucleus — the Soviet Union, the confrontation between the East and the West did not disappear, but entered a new geopolitical configuration. At that the West has not actually refused from its confrontational model of world order. And it did not offer in return any real integration mechanisms for restructuring the system of global confrontation which was formed in the twentieth century. The evidence of insolvency, failure of such approaches from the position of strength in the resolution of more frequent inter-state and internal wars, protracted crises and conflicts at various points, is a huge zone of instability of the Arab world and aggravated to the extreme situation in Syria and around it.
Coincidentally, Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan Erlan Idrisov announced the nomination of our country for non-permanent membership in this high level organization in the days of intensive work of the UN Security Council on the resolution of the situation in Syria. In this connection there are two related issues:
– For what Kazakhstan seeks membership in the UN Security Council and what can our membership in this high global organization give to the Security Council?
– Kazakhstan, a member of the UN since 1992, as a new player on the world stage during this time has earned well-deserved prestige and reputation of highly responsible member of the world community. The foreign policy ideas and initiatives of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to establish and maintain peace and security in the Eurasian continent make an invaluable contribution to the search for real and effective responses to the challenges of our time, to very difficult and sometimes intractable issues on the UN agenda.
Kazakhstan in a short period of its independent development in all respects has proven itself as an independent sovereign state, invariably reaching its ambitious goals. As noted at the last presentation of RK Minister of Foreign Affairs Erlan Idrisov, «Kazakhstan has established itself as a reliable international partner, and a strong, stable, predictable and largely influential country for cooperation with the Central Asian region.»
Suffice it to recall the most basic results and milestones of foreign policy: initiated by Kazakhstan Conferences on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia, the voluntary renunciation of nuclear arsenal and leadership in global disarmament, participation in UN peacekeeping missions, carrying out under its auspices of several major international events; presidency in 2010 in the OSCE: chairmanship from June 2011 to November 2012 in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, an active part in the Istanbul process on Afghanistan, membership in the Human Rights Council in 2013-2015, etc.
Kazakhstan, one of the most multicultural and multi-confessional states, which occupies a key geopolitical position in Eurasia, has held four Congresses of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, which confirms its continued and consistent role as an active conductor in inter-religious dialogue, and an interaction bridge between West and East, North and South, between civilizations and cultures of the world.
So, it is obvious that the membership of Kazakhstan in the Security Council would give us the opportunity to enshrine de jure our active and constructive role in the international community, which we de facto have been performing for many years. Thereby we will obtain a new leverage and the possibility of proactive influence on the regional and global issues from position of a stable and responsible state of Central Asian region, an adherer of comprehensive concept of peace and security.
In turn, the non-permanent membership of Kazakhstan for the period of 2017-2018 years will allow the Security Council to find a new reliable and effective support of a group of Asian countries and set in it the necessary balance and essential equitable geographical distribution.
Currently, the Security Council comprises 15 States: 5 permanent members (Britain, China, Russia, the United States of America, France) and 10 non-permanent members, elected by the UN General Assembly for a two year period (every 5 years). Russia has been a permanent member of the UN Security Council from 24 December 1991 as the successor of the USSR.
10 non-permanent members of the Security Council are elected on geographical basis: five — from Africa and Asia, one — from Eastern Europe, two — from Latin America, two — from Western European and other States.
At present, the non-permanent members of the UN Security Council are: in 2012-2013 — Australia, Guatemala, Morocco, Pakistan and Togo; in 2013-2014 — Argentina, Azerbaijan, Luxembourg, Rwanda and the Republic of Korea.
– What are the real opportunities for RK from participating in the Security Council?
– According to the UN Charter, the Security Council «shall determine the existence of any threat to peace, any breaches of peace or act of aggression and make recommendations, or decide what measures should be taken to maintain or restore international peace and security.» «Decisions of the Security Council are binding upon all states, as currently almost all universally recognized states of the world are members of the UN. At that, all other UN bodies can make recommendation solutions. «
The participation in such decisions for the sake of universal, including our own safety, is imperative for our country, for implementation of constructive ideas and peace initiatives of President Nursultan Nazarbayev. In his state of the nation address «Strategy» Kazakhstan-2050 the head of state said that» the international situation and geopolitical environment are dynamically changing, and not always for the better. A giant arc of instability stretches from North Africa and the Middle East to Northeast Asia. The balance of forces, both at the global level and in some regions of the planet undergoes major changes. Accordingly, the role of regional security mechanisms such as the UN, OSCE, NATO, CSTO, SCO, CICA and others is growing. In Central Asia, there are new threats to national security. «
There is no doubt that all necessary work will be carried out in order to be supported by the UN General Assembly in September 2016.