Dam of friendship on the Horgos River
July 10. Kazpravda. Almaty region
By Aset Kalymov
Kazakh-Chinese hydrosystem “Dostyk” was launched at the border river Horgos.
Kazakhstan-China state border runs right across the hydrosystem, which is meant to provide an equal distribution of the Horgos river flow and solve water supply issues of both countries’ border regions. All the main irrigation channels on both the Kazakh and Chinese territory are connected to the facility.
The hydro-engineers guarantee automated water supply on both banks to suffice for over 16 million hectares of irrigated land. The system’s capacity is 382 cubic meters per second, plus 10.5 million kW / h of electricity per year.
Construction of a dam on the Horgos river was first offered by the Chinese side shortly after Kazakhstan’s independence – in June 1992, and after many consultations and harmonizations an intergovernmental agreement was signed, and the construction itself worth $ 9.5 million was started in April 2011.
As Vice Minister of Environmental Protection Erlan Nysanbaev noted at the launch of the hydropower facility, the implementation of inter-state agreements on the equal division of the river flow is a good example of how to manage cross-border waterways. An ideal hydraulic structure has been built to give water and electricity to the booming Panfilov district of Almaty region, as well as to a number of settlements in Chinese border regions.
In turn, Vice-Minister of Water Resources of China Zhao Yong stressed that this project embodies the friendship between the two nations. The dam with a symbolic name “Dostyk” (Friendship) will settle the joint use of transboundary river and work to the benefit of both Kazakhstan and China.
The project was carried out on parity investment basis. The hydrocomplex will regulate the river flow during the floods that occur frequently at Horgos, and it is important for the safety of the nearby International Border Cooperation Center.