Key segment of economy
June 13. Kazpravda
By Maryam TUREZHANOVA
Astana is hosting the Days of Mining and Metallurgical Complex (SMC) which joined such major events as the IV International Mining and Metallurgy Congress (AMM 2013) and the IV Congress of workers of mining and metallurgical industry.
The theme of the Congress is “Prospects for technological growth of MMC in an unstable world economy”. Industry is going through a difficult time, said, opening the meeting, Deputy Prime Minister – Minister of Industry and New Technologies Asset Issekeshev. First, there is a slowdown in the pace of global economy, leading to a drop in demand for the industry’s products. In addition, environmental requirements become stricter, and there is high competition for attracting investments.
– The mining and metallurgical complex is a key segment of the economy – said A.Isekeshev. – Therefore, the state pays much attention to it in the frames of the industrialization program. In general, additional 20 new productions with the creation of 10,000 jobs are planned to be launched.
Sectoral master plans, including the MMC were developed within the state program of accelerated industrial-innovative development. Kazakhstan began to produce base metals and increased the volume of their domestic processing. Thus, the production of primary aluminum in Pavlodar has doubled; Ust-Kamenogorsk enterprises started production of titanium ingots and increased production of cathode copper and gold.
– The level of domestically processed aluminum rose to 20,000 tons, steel – up to 300 thousand tons, – continued the head of MINT. –Our plants mastered production of different types of reinforcement steel, steel constructions, cables and other products. Many large enterprises are actively upgraded. Overall, in 2012 the volume of iron and steel production in current prices amounted to almost $ 13 billion, including ferrous metals – 4.7, non ferrous – more than 8 billion. The volume of finished metal products reached $ 850 million.
In addition, the Ministry is developing the concept of mining and metallurgical complex in Kazakhstan until 2030. The strategy includes improvement of the legislative framework, regulation and provision of expanded reproduction of mineral resources, creation of a modern system of management of mineral resources, attracting the best technologies for exploration, increase of the depth, comprehensive and rational processing of mineral raw materials and human resources issues.
Among other important areas of the document is the rise of competitiveness in the industry through diversification and modernization. Now large enterprises implement the modernization programs and are oriented to the increase in productivity, said A.Isekeshev.
In particular, Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation is seeking new approaches and solutions in order to remain competitive. As its Chief Executive Officer Felix Vulis noted, in the last 5 years the company has invested about $ 1 billion in the expansion of existing and construction of new mining facilities. Close attention is paid to the choice of technology. An example of this is a stripping technology for the first time introduced in the mining sector in Kazakhstan at the Vostochny Mine of JSC “Eurasian Energy Corporation”. With the launch in 2010 of a stripping complex № 1 (SC) worth about $ 90 million, the labor productivity grew by more than 20%.
– In May of this year, we began construction of the second complex, – said Felix Vulis. – The total cost of the project is $ 195 million and its commissioning is scheduled for 2015. By this time another 200 Kazakh workers will be trained and employed.
Both projects are included in the map of industrialization. He also stressed that the industry needs support of the government and research and educational institutions to succeed in the innovation and development.
Training of qualified professionals is a special issue for the industry. At the regular meeting of the Foreign Investors Council President Nursultan Nazarbayev instructed the government to work together with business to meet the needs of the largest industrial companies in the engineering and technical personnel.
The ENRC is already contributing to the development of national vocational-technical education. Thus, the training center of the SSMC annually prepares about 5,000 people on 230 specialties together with educational institutions of Rudny, Aksu and Khromtau cities.
– For example, over the past four years, more than 300 graduates of Aksu vocational school № 19 were employed at the Aksu Ferroalloy Plant, – he said. – At the same time we offer to renew a good practice – to provide an advantage for admission to higher education institutions on government grants to young people with vocational education and professional experience.
In addition, the congress discussed such topical issues as the legal framework in the MMC in the context of international experience, the development of exploration, innovation development of the sector and the problem of staff shortage. A number of specific initiatives, in particular, the Foundation of subsoil users in Kazakhstan will be presented at the Congress today.