Eurasian message from Dublin
Dec 07. Kazpravda. Dublin
By Maxim Shymanski
Yesterday 19th meeting of the Foreign Ministers’ Council of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe started its work in Dublin. The Kazakh delegation headed by Foreign Minister of the Republic Yerlan Idrisov took part in it.
The choice of the presiding country in this meeting is based on “West – East” rotation. Thus in 2009 it was Greece, then Astana brilliantly coped with the role of hostess of the summit. This was reminded by President Nursultan Nazarbayev in his article “The first day of a new era of Kazakhstan”: “Our capital is becoming one of the global centers of international policy … We have opened Kazakhstan to the whole world through Astana. It hosts the Congresses of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions and major global forums. By coincidence, the Summit of Heads of State and Government of the OSCE was held in Astana on December 1, 2010. ”
The last year’s meeting of foreign ministers “moved” to the west – to the capital of Lithuania, Vilnius, and now the forum has reached the western end of Eurasia. Ukraine takes up the torch of the chairmanship from Ireland which means that next year the focus of the organization will shift to the east.
In Dublin the foreign ministers will sum up results of the organization’s activities in the expiring year and represent the views of their states on the security issues. They also plan to discuss a number of important decisions on all three dimensions of the OSCE.
Unfortunately, neither Lithuanian nor Irish chairmanship decided to continue the negotiations on the draft framework plan adopted in the Astana declaration. However the process of “Helsinki + 40” initiated by Ireland can serve as a kind of “roadmap” in the performance of the abovementioned document.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev criticized the OSCE leadership in March this year at the traditional meeting with the representatives of foreign diplomatic corps accredited in Kazakhstan.
“The ship named the “OSCE” still comes with a roll on one side of the human dimension. Once again there are unproductive attempts to use such tool as the observer mission in national elections for the pressure of one group of countries on another. In this case in the future we will have to refuse from such missions in all elections. This is not just my opinion, but it is expressed in the CIS countries”, – he said.
Unfortunately, said Nursultan Nazarbayev, the organization has not become the ground to search for “recipes” to overcome the economic “stupor”…. And the issues of economic security remain outside the OSCE priorities.
A number of ideas to improve the situation was offered by E. Idrisov in his speech at the plenary session of the current ministerial meeting. “The OSCE is a continuum and its work is based on the general commitments assumed in the past, and which should be adapted to meet the challenges of the present. We need to give clear guidance to the nearest three presidencies (Ukraine, Switzerland and Serbia) and to the Forum for Security Cooperation, – said E. Idrisov.
One of the primary tasks of the OSCE at this stage, in his view, is the question of transnational threats and the threats outgoing from Afghanistan. Taking into account the plan to withdraw the U.S. troops from the country in 2014, all interested parties must redouble their efforts to prevent safety problems in the OSCE region, particularly in Central Asia, said the minister. Despite the fact that the organization is not authorized to operate outside the geographical area of responsibility, it is important to support and promote the intension of comprehensive economic rehabilitation of Afghanistan.
Having noted that Kazakhstan attaches great importance to the economic and environmental dimension, the Minister drew attention to the initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to develop a global strategy on energy and the environment, and the partnership program “Green Bridge”.
Another promising direction for multilateral beneficial cooperation, as stated the Kazakh Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the “Energy of the Future” – the main theme of the exhibition “EXPO-2017” to be held in Astana.
Our country pays special attention to the development of tolerance and non-discrimination. E. Idrisov expressed concern about increasing violence and crimes, including in the Internet, as well as the cases of xenophobic attacks. “I would like to recall the initiative of the Head of State to establish a Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security platform. No state or organization can confront existing and new security challenges. In addition, there are cases of overlapping, uncoordinated actions and even rivalry. Therefore, we propose to create a platform in which the relevant security organizations (UN, OSCE, CICA, EU, CIS, NATO, CSTO, SCO, perhaps the Council of Europe) can come together to ensure greater consistency in the achievement of common goals “, – concluded Erlan Idrisov.