Integration vector

Nov 16. Kazpravda


Integration vectorImportant aspects of strengthening multilateral cooperation between Kazakhstan and Russia in the CU and CES were considered during the working visit of RK Prime Minister Serik Akhmetov to the Russian Federation.

A clear line of interaction

The key event during the visit of the Kazakh Government was of course, the meeting with Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev.

The heads of government discussed a wide range of issues, which are primarily related to the strengthening of bilateral trade and economic relations. The accent was laid on the sphere of energy, transport and space industry. Among priorities there was the interaction in the framework of the Customs Union and Common Economic Space.

Serik Akhmetov and Dmitry Medvedev stressed above all the relevance of the issues raised, as well as the need to strengthen economic, trade and investment cooperation between the two countries.

– I think that a lot has been done for the development of our bilateral relations, and we are satisfied with their state and prospects for cooperation – said Serik Akhmetov and added there was no insoluble and unsettled issues between the two countries.

Kazakh Prime Minister also stressed the need to boost the development of multilateral cooperation within the Customs Union and CES.

The cornerstone of integration

Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus dynamically and progressively strengthen the integration interaction, said Serik Akhmetov in his interview to the information TV channel “Russia-24”.

– From the middle of last year all customs structures at the internal borders of the countries – participants of the Customs Union were eliminated, and we have created all conditions for improving the competitiveness of goods, free movement of human capital and services. Now the codification of all received legal documents is underway. I believe that the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space is the future of our countries, – said the Prime Minister.

But it is important to remember that the idea of integration process belongs to President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, said the Prime Minister.

– In the early 90’s President Nursultan Nazarbayev first proposed the idea of a Eurasian Union – said the Prime Minister. – This idea was entirely supported in 2007, when the agreement was signed.

Indeed, experts say that the pace of integration of the customs “troika” has the most positive dynamics on the post-Soviet space. This is confirmed by chronology: in 2010 the Customs Union was launched; in 2012 the CES began to operate and creation of the Eurasian Economic Union is planned for 2015. The figures also speak in favor of fruitful Kazakh-Russian cooperation. Thus, the trade turnover between Kazakhstan and Russia last year, compared with 2010 increased by 42.3% to $ 23.8 billion. Kazakhstan’s exports grew by 47.7% ($ 7.5 billion), imports from Russia – by 39.9% (16.3 billion dollars).

Innovative component

But the integration union is strong when the states themselves strengthen their economic positions. Both Kazakhstan and Russia are making significant progress in the socio-economic development. Our countries are implementing major breakthrough innovation projects. Each party is closely monitoring their progress and considers the possibility of cooperation in various fields.

Prime Minister Serik Akhmetov in his interview to TV channel “Russia-24” cited the figures of the State Program of accelerated Industrial-Innovative Development for 2010-2014, as a good example to support innovative projects in Kazakhstan.

– Within its frames unprecedented measures of state support have been taken, – said the head of the Government. – First of all it stimulates business. However, the main criterion for the selection of projects is precisely its innovative component.

Also S. Akhmetov, responding to the questions from Russian journalists, identified promising and mutually beneficial directions of the Kazakh-Russian cooperation in the field of innovations.

– We have a lot of interesting joint projects in the field of nanotechnologies, energy conservation, and nuclear industry. There are innovative projects practically in all industries, – he said.

“Hypercube” of ideas

The working visit of the head of the Kazakh Cabinet can become a starting point for new breakthrough projects. Thus Serik Akhmetov visited the Russian innovation center “Skolkovo”. Its mission is the creation of an “ecosystem” to form favorable conditions for innovations. Among their plans there is the opening of innovation city, where scientists, designers, engineers and business people will create competitive projects. Five clusters have been already formed in the “Skolkovo”: information, biomedical, energy efficiency, nuclear and space technologies, and the innovative member companies are actively supported.

S. Akhmetov was shown around the microanalysis laboratory of the multiple access center, where its specialists demonstrated new possibilities of using electron microscopy for the preparation of technology to manufacture product and control its quality. The presentation of the innovation center in 3D-format was held in the administrative building “Hypercube”, after which the Prime Minister met with president of the “Skolkovo” fund Viktor Vekselberg.

Later in the interview to “Russia-24” Serik Akhmetov announced plans for joint use of innovative potential of the two countries in various sectors of the economy. He also spoke about his visit to science city “Skolkovo” and the prospects of joint cooperation.

– In the framework of integration interaction the Kazakh companies can become residents of “Skolkovo”, and Russian companies in turn will participate in projects in Kazakhstan, -he said.

During the visit of the JSC “Navigation Information Systems” the Kazakh PM was presented one of the projects of the JSC “NIS” – “ERA-GLONASS”, a system of emergency response in case of accidents. According to the developers, the “ERA-GLONASS” by 30% reduces time to the moment of assistance in case of accidents, which will annually save more than 4 thousand people. The scale of its introduction involves all roads of Russian great spaces and all vehicles (almost 40 million of transport means).

Serik Akhmetov was shown the basic principles of the system “ERA-GLONASS”, including the interaction with the emergency services of related ministries and «eCall» system (the European equivalent).

During the discussion, the Prime Minister said that a working group headed by the Minister of Transport and Communications of Kazakhstan Askar Zhumagaliyev will be formed to study the aspects of the system. According to A. Zhumagaliyev, the working group will include the members of all state agencies that deal with these issues.

Besides, three subgroups will be created: the first will examine the issues of rapid response, namely the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the police. The second subgroup will consider the establishment of telecommunication and terrestrial network and the third one will deal with the issues of transport.