Dynamics of creation and progress
Sept 18. Kazpravda
By Mikhail Pugasov
Kazakhstan’s progress in the global rankings proves considerable creative potential of our young state.
The fact that Kazakhstan shifted from 72nd to 51st place in the global competitiveness Report (The Global Competitiveness Index 2012-2013) of the World Economic Forum (WEF), shows effectiveness of the political course of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Recall, in 2006, President Nursultan Nazarbayev set an ambitious task to rank Kazakhstan among 50 most competitive states in his state-of-the-nation address. In 2007, Kazakhstan was 61st in the ranking, then, due to the global economic crisis, the position decreased down to 66th place in 2008, 67th – in 2009, and 72nd – in 2010-2011. And within a year the country has made a significant breakthrough!
It should be noted that this year Kazakhstan took part in the rating as a country with an economy, transiting from the second stage (the stage of effective development) to the third one of development (the stage of innovative development). Previously, our country was in the group of countries with economies, transiting from the first stage (the stage of factor development) to the second one.
Improvement of Kazakhstan’s position was observed in almost all factors of competitiveness. Thus, Kazakhstan has improved its positions in 82 out of the 111 indicators of growth. The most significant progress was noted in the factor of “Technological readiness”, where Kazakhstan has progressed by 32 positions.
Another improvement of competitiveness is in “Effective corporate management” (36th position, + 31), in education – + 11 positions, “Cooperation of universities and businesses in R & D area” – + 29 positions (compared with 2011), “Availability of scientists and engineers” – (+ 2 positions), “Staff Development” (+ 24 positions), “Quality of scientific and research organizations” – (+ 13), “Quality of education system” – (+ 11), “Quality of primary education” – (+ 5 positions), “Availability of research and educational services” – (+ 8), “Access to the Internet in schools” – (+ 5 positions), “Quality of math and science education” – (+ 4).
Significant growth of these indicators is the result of implementation of innovative mechanisms, elaborated on the President’s instructions and aimed at development of science and training for projects of the state program for accelerated industrial-innovative development.
At present, the National Centre of the state scientific and technical expertise, involving independent experts from 50 countries into more than 800 research projects is working in Kazakhstan. 5 national open-type labs and 15 labs of engineering specialization have been created at universities. The Center for technology commercialization of “Parasat” holding has been opened. Seven Kazakh universities and two research institutes are defined as basic offices for commercialization of innovations.
Funding of science is growing annually: within the last years it has almost tripled – from KZT 16.9 billion in 2007 to KZT 48 billion in 2012. A new education model covers all levels of education: in primary education the “Balapan” program is under implementation, with the help of which the number of pre-school facilities increased by more than 3 500 units for 230 000 children.
At present 98% of Kazakhstan schools have the Internet. The implementation of a fundamentally new task – e-learning – has significantly increased access to the broadband Internet.
Kazakhstan has built a new model of innovative education: Nazarbayev Intellectual schools in secondary education, holding “Kasipkor”, uniting four inter-regional center and four world-class colleges in technical vocational education; the Nazarbayev University, which is a synthesis of education, science and innovation.
In order to rank Kazakhstan among 50 developed countries, our young state should at least keep up the pace of development and improve several indexes.