Good neighbors, reliable friends. The leaders of Kazakhstan and China signed a Joint Declaration on development of comprehensive strategic partnership

June 14. Kazpravda

By Laura Tusupbekova

Good neighbors, reliable friends. The leaders of Kazakhstan and China signed a Joint Declaration on development of comprehensive strategic partnershipEach meeting of Kazakh and Chinese leaders is a new stage in relations between the two countries. Mutual visits are always filled with new agreements. This already 25th meeting of Nursultan Nazarbayev and Hu Jintao, was marked by important event – the parties signed the Joint Declaration on development of comprehensive strategic partnership. This document is to further strengthen the foundation of Astana – Beijing interaction and bring cooperation to a qualitatively new level. The declaration involves all areas of Kazakh-Chinese relations and determines their long-term development.

In the airport President Nursultan Nazarbayev personally met the Chinese leader Hu Jintao, who arrived in Kazakhstan on a state visit for the seventh time to participate in SCO jubilee summit. After an official ceremony in Akorda they held the talks, during which the sides discussed topical issues of bilateral cooperation, as well as the agenda of forthcoming anniversary summit of Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Welcoming the Chinese counterpart, RK President noted importance of the above event for the both countries.

– 2011 is the year of 10th anniversary of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, 20th anniversary of Independence of our country and the year of 90th anniversary of Chinese Communist Party. Meeting in such an important period, we reaffirm exemplary saturation, credibility and diversity that characterize our cooperation, – said Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Indeed, the statistics speak for itself: last year bilateral trade volume exceeded $ 20 billion, while the biggest share in total value of our exports was recorded for China. Joint projects in energy sector are of strategic importance – the second phase of Kazakh-Chinese pipeline Beineu – Bozoy – Shymkent, oil projects, upgrading refineries and building Moinak HPS. Intention to increase capacities within existing joint projects and to develop others, were enshrined in the declaration signed during the visit. The sides especially noted the main component of partnership – non-oil content.

– We are grateful to China for high appreciation and understanding of the need for such interaction. I would especially like to note our main partnership in non-primary sector: constructions of Pavlodar electrolyze plant, a business for bitumen production in Aktau and a polypropylene production complex, – he added.

President Hu Jintao in his turn thanked Kazakhstan’s leadership for invitation and warm reception.

– In every visit to your country, we with my colleagues see new changes in Kazakhstan, and we are particularly impressive by dynamic and rapid growth – said Chinese leader.

– Over the years, under your wise leadership,- he noted, -Kazakhstan has successfully worked its way, which corresponds to modern realities. The country firmly maintained political stability, steady development in the socioeconomic sphere, constantly improving people’s lives. Prestige and status of the country in the international arena has enhanced. As your friendly, very close neighbor and strategic partner, China is happy for Kazakhstan’s progress. I am deeply convinced that under your leadership the Government and people of Kazakhstan strengthening its statehood and the national revival will surely achieve even more significant, more striking successes, – said Hu Jintao.

It was noted that in almost 20 years since establishment of diplomatic relations the two states finally resolved the border issues and signed a treaty on good-neighborliness, friendship and cooperation, and elaborated a joint strategy of collaboration in XXI century.

As pointed out by the leaders of Kazakhstan and China at a press briefing following the negotiations, this meeting being traditionally a productive one, reflects good-neighbor, partner and trusting nature of Kazakh-Chinese relations. And the signed by the parties Joint Declaration on development of comprehensive strategic partnership covers all areas of interaction, determines its long-term development, and summarizes twenty years of partnership between our countries.

No less important against the backdrop of rapidly growing collaboration (in the first quarter of this year alone, bilateral trade exceeded $ 5 billion) is the agreement reached to establish a mechanism of regular meetings of heads of governments.

During this visit Kazakhstan and China leaders also opened a new chapter of cooperation in the financial sector – they signed an agreement between the National Bank of Kazakhstan and the People’s Bank of China to conduct foreign exchange swaps – transactions in yuan / tenge.

As already noted, large-scale energy projects has been successfully implemented. Last year more than 5 billion cubic meters of gas was supplied on the main gas pipeline Turkmenistan – China. In December 2010 they launched construction of the second stage of Beineu – Bozoy – Shymkent gas pipeline. Over 11 million tons of oil was exported last year on Kazakhstan – China oil pipeline.

The parties intend to intensify cooperation in transport and communications. The question is construction of a transcontinental corridor Western Europe – Western China, railways Zhetygen – Khorgos and Uzen – the border with Turkmenistan.

Kazakh and Chinese experts began to develop a feasibility study on a construction project of high-speed railway Astana – Almaty, which requires careful study in terms of commercial benefits and necessity. This year they plan to launch the first stage of international border cooperation center Khorgos, which in future will become a regional transport and logistics hub.

Cooperation in nuclear area has broad prospects too in particular, joint production of nuclear fuel and construction of nuclear power plants. It’s worth motioning that on the visit’s completion an Agreement was signed between JSC Kazatomprom and Chinese government-owned corporation on strategic collaboration in nuclear industry. In the current year RK begins to deliver fuel pellets to China.

During the talks the issues to ensure rational use and protection of trans-boundary water resources were no less important: an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in environmental protection coupled with the previously signed documents in this area creates ample opportunities for interaction in environmental field and ecology. The joint declaration stipulates that this work will continue.

Then the sides discussed international issues, and external -political situation in the region. Thus, Kazakhstan has confirmed support of China to principles of combat “three evils”, and support for unity and stability in China.

It is noteworthy that the outcome of negotiations is to increase bilateral trade to 40 billion dollars by 2015. This level will become the result of their decision to comprehensively promote interstate cooperation in trade, investment, finance, high technology and non-primary sector.

– We also agreed to launch even more ambitious joint projects for mutual benefit, and for the interests of continuous, intensive development of bilateral economic and trade ties. We will make joint efforts to ensure safe and stable operation of Sino-Kazakh oil and gas pipelines – Hu Jintao said.

In addition, Kazakhstan and China have common interests in security. The parties intend to further strengthen cooperation in this field both bilaterally and within SCO to jointly counter transnational organized crime.

The two leaders were highly appreciative of SCO achievements in the past 10 years. In particular, Hu Jintao said that upcoming summit in Astana, would have landmark value.

– Both sides are willing to use the summit as a good opportunity to promote sustainable, stable and healthy development of the Organization. I’d like to again express my sincere gratitude to Mr. President, the Government and people of Kazakhstan for warm welcome and hospitality. In conclusion, I wish your country new and greater achievements and success, – said President Hu Jintao.