In Kazakhstan, A Beautiful, Futuristic New Subway System

In Kazakhstan, A Beautiful, Futuristic New Subway SystemIn the 19th century, the concept of an underground tube train sustained itself largely in the fanciful transcripts of science fiction novels. Numerous written fantasies of subterranean transit systems stemmed from the experiments of inventors like Alfred Ely Beach, who demonstrated his newly developed pneumatic transit system to the awe of men in top hats and ladies in corsets.

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Economic, Architectural Success Mark Astana’s Progress

Economic, Architectural Success Mark Astana’s ProgressAstana, Kazakhstan’s progressive capital in the steppe, has plenty to celebrate as it approaches its 13th anniversary. The city recently revised its master plan to better manage Astana’s rapid growth. And the futuristic capital will complete a number of key structures in time for the 20th anniversary of Kazakhstan’s independence on December 16.

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Kazakh Khanate Had Rational System of Diplomatic, Trade Contacts

Kazakh Khanate Had Rational System of Diplomatic, Trade ContactsNomadic states have always maintained an active relationship with sedentary ones, and the emphases in foreign policy were placed depending on the importance of trade directions. The interaction of nomadic and sedentary world of the medieval period played a significant role in the formation and development of Kazakh statehood. For the Kazakh Khanate, strategic partners were the settled Central Asian neighbours and particularly the empires lying adjacent to the region – those in China, Russia, and India.

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The China Alternative – Kazakhstan

The China Alternative - KazakhstanThe China Alternative is our series on other manufacturing destinations in Asia that are now starting to compete with China in terms of labor costs, infrastructure and operational capacity. In this issue we look at Kazakhstan.

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Astana becomes home for events of international level and high importance

Astana becomes home for events of international level and high importanceAstana is a relatively new city, at least in the form of a capital. It was the city that had no difference with many others of the country. Nevertheless, in 1995 the city was designated as the future capital of the newly-independent country, and the capital was officially moved from Almaty on December 10, 1997. The new name, Astana, was bestowed in 1998.

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